Vaccines - PIH Health

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COVID-19 Vaccines

Đài xổ số miền bắcFollowing months of intense research, vaccines are being authorized by countries around the world to combat the pandemic. In the United States, vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna were granted Emergency Use Authorization and phased distribution has begun. 

Đài xổ số miền bắcBecause supply will be limited for some months, a phased approach to dispensing the vaccine is being used throughout the country. As the supply of vaccines increases, PIH Health strongly encourages everyone who is not allergic to get vaccinated. Having a vaccinated population promises to be the key to putting an end to this pandemic.

Đài xổ số miền bắcBelow are some frequently asked questions about the COVID-19 vaccine.

Who Should Receive the Vaccine 

Who can get the COVID-19 vaccine right now?
Currently the state of California is in Phase 1A with COVID-19 vaccine distribution. That means it is available only to healthcare workers serving in healthcare settings, long-term care facility residents and first responders at risk of exposure.

Can I make an appointment to get my COVID-19 vaccine now?
No appointments are being made to give COVID-19 vaccines to patients at this time. When vaccine supplies are sufficient to allow for the vaccination of patients and other community members, PIH Health will communicate broadly about the vaccination process. 

I have recovered from COVID-19. Should I still get the vaccine once it’s available?
Yes, the vaccine is both safe and recommended for anyone who has recovered from COVID-19. It is still not clear how, or how many, protective antibodies develop in those who had a previous COVID-19 infection, so you can and should still get the vaccine.

What if I’m sick with COVID-19 or another illness that involves a cough or fever?
Đài xổ số miền bắcIn order to protect others from getting sick, you should wait until you are beyond the quarantine period before leaving your home to receive a vaccine.

Can I get the COVID-19 vaccine while in quarantine?
Đài xổ số miền bắcNo, you must wait until your quarantine period ends in order to enter a facility to get vaccinated. For more specifics on when to start and end quarantine, visit the CDC website.

What if I’m pregnant, planning to become pregnant within the next 6 months, or breastfeeding?
Yes, you may be vaccinated. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist (ACOG) recommends that COVID-19 vaccines should not be withheld from pregnant individuals who meet criteria for vaccination. COVID-19 vaccine should be offered to lactating individuals when they meet criteria for vaccination. For additional information, visit: . Please consult with your provider if you have further concerns or questions. 

Vaccine Effectiveness and Safety

How long does it take for the vaccine to take effect?
Preliminary data suggest high vaccine efficacy in preventing COVID-19 following receipt of two doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine:

  • Pfizer-BioNTech is 95% effective
  • Moderna is 94% effective

It takes 1 to 2 weeks following the second dose before a person is considered fully vaccinated. According to New England Journal of Medicine, the peer- reviewed results of a phase III clinical trial have found that the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine may provide some early protection, starting 12 days after the first dose. 

Will the vaccine give me COVID-19?
Đài xổ số miền bắcNo, the two available COVID-19 vaccines do not contain SARS-CoV-2 and cannot give you COVID-19.

Are the different types of COVID-19 vaccine interchangeable?
No. COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable. The safety and efficacy of a mixed-product series have not been evaluated. Both doses of the series should be completed with the same product.

Where can I find the Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) for COVID-19 vaccine?
VIS are only available for certain licensed vaccines. Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) Fact Sheets for each type of COVID-19 vaccine are available in place of the VIS. For the Pfizer-BioNTech fact sheet, visit:

I received another vaccine recently. Can I still get the COVID-19 vaccine?
Given the lack of data on the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines administered simultaneously with other vaccines, the vaccine series should be administered alone, with a minimum interval of 14 days before or after administration with any other vaccine.

What are the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine?
Side effect that have been reported include:

  • Injection site pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Chills
  • Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Injection site swelling
  • Injection site redness
  • Nausea
  • Feeling unwell
  • Swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy)

I have been diagnosed with COVID-19. Do I need still need the vaccine?
Đài xổ số miền bắcData from clinical trials indicate that mRNA COVID-19 vaccines are safe in persons with evidence of a prior SARS-CoV-2 infection. Scientists are still learning more about the virus that causes COVID-19. And it is not known whether getting COVID-19 disease will protect everyone against getting it again, or, if it does, how long that protection might last.

I have been diagnosed with COVID-19. When can I get the shot?
Vaccination of persons with known SARS-CoV-2 infection should be deferred until you have met criteria to discontinue isolation and have completely recovered from the illness. This recommendation applies to persons who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection before receipt of the first dose as well as those who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection after the first dose but before receipt of the second dose.

I received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma as part of COVID-19 treatment. When can I get the shot?
Currently, there are no data on the safety and efficacy of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines in persons who received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma as part of COVID-19 treatment. Based on the estimated half-life of such therapies as well as evidence suggesting that reinfection is uncommon in the 90 days after initial infection, vaccination should be deferred for at least 90 days, as a precautionary measure until additional information becomes available, to avoid interference of the antibody treatment with vaccine-induced immune responses. 

Contraindications

Who should NOT get the COVID-19 vaccine?
You should not get the COVID-19 vaccine if you have had a:

  • Severe allergic reaction after a previous dose of the COVID-19 vaccine
  • Severe allergic reaction to any ingredients of the vaccine.

Đài xổ số miền bắcFor a list of ingredients, refer to the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) Fact Sheet:

I have certain allergies and am unsure if it is a contraindication to the vaccine. Which type of allergies should I not be concerned with?
You may proceed with vaccination with history of allergies that are unrelated to the components of an mRNA COVID-19 which includes:

  • Allergy to oral medications (including the oral equivalent of an injectable medication).
  • History of food, pet, insect, venom, environmental, latex, etc., allergies
  • Family history of allergies

If you have a history of anaphylaxis due to these allergies, you will be asked to wait in the lobby for 30 minutes after vaccination.

I had an Influenza Vaccine recently, can I get the COVID-19 vaccine?
Đài xổ số miền bắcGiven the lack of data on the safety and efficacy of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines administered simultaneously with other vaccines, the vaccine series should routinely be administered alone, with a minimum interval of 14 days before or after administration with any other vaccine. 

Vaccine Availability/Priority

Which vaccines are currently available?
Currently, two vaccines are authorized to prevent COVID-19.

Đài xổ số miền bắc1)    Pfizer-BioNTech: approved for those 16 years and older, consists of two doses given 21 days apart.

2)    Moderna: approved for those 18 years and older, consists of two doses given 28 days apart.

Getting Vaccinated

How will the vaccine be administered to me?
The vaccine will be given as an injection into the muscle in the upper arm.

How many shots of COVID-19 vaccine do I need?
The two authorized and recommended vaccines need two shots to be effective.

  • Pfizer-BioNTech: given 21 days apart
  • Moderna: given 28 days apart

Post-vaccination

I’m experiencing symptoms after receiving the vaccine. What should I do?
Those who receive the COVID-19 vaccine may experience mild to moderate fever, fatigue, headache, chills, and body aches. These symptoms typically occur within the first three days following vaccination and resolve in a day or two. To help control some of the symptoms, you may consider taking a fever or pain reducing medication before and after your vaccine. Please consult your provider and visit CDC’s link to What to Expect after Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine.

Do I need to wear a mask and practice social distancing after I receive the vaccine?
Yes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that during the pandemic people continue to wear a mask and practice social distancing when in contact with others outside of your household. Stopping a pandemic requires using all tools available. Vaccines work with your immune system so your body will be ready to fight the virus if you are exposed. Other steps, like masking and social distancing, help reduce your chance of being exposed to the virus or spreading it to others.

Post-vaccination: Second Dose

I had a severe allergic reaction after my first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. Should I receive the second dose?
Đài xổ số miền bắcYou should NOT get the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine if you have had a severe allergic reaction after receiving the first dose.

I was diagnosed with COVID-19 after my first vaccine dose. When I can I take my second dose?
Vaccination of persons with known SARS-CoV-2 infection should be deferred until you have met criteria to discontinue isolation and have completely recovered from the illness. This recommendation applies to persons who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection before receipt of the first dose as well as those who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection after the first dose but before receipt of the second dose. 

Will I need to a booster vaccine in the future?
The need for and timing of booster doses for mRNA COVID-19 vaccines has not been established. No additional doses beyond the two-dose primary series are recommended at this time. 

United Kingdom (UK) Variant Strain

What is this?
Đài xổ số miền bắcViruses constantly change through mutation, and new variants of a virus are expected to occur over time. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a type of coronavirus, a large family of viruses. Scientists monitor changes in the virus, including changes to the spikes on the surface of the virus. These studies, including genetic analyses of the virus, are helping us understand how changes to the virus might affect how it spreads and what happens to people who are infected with it. Multiple COVID-19 variants are circulating globally. In the United Kingdom (UK), a new variant has emerged with an unusually large number of mutations. This variant seems to spread more easily and quickly than other variants. Currently, there is no evidence that it causes more severe illness or increased risk of death. This variant was first detected in September 2020 and is now highly prevalent in London and southeast England. It has since been detected in numerous countries around the world, including the United States and Canada.

Will the vaccine cover this strain?
There is no evidence that the strain will change the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines and most experts believe this is unlikely to occur because of the nature of the immune response to the virus.

Visit the , or the for more COVID-19 Vaccine information.